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Improving Member States preparedness to face an HNS pollution of the Marine System (HNS-MS)

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Phenol

Description Top

CAS number 108-95-2
UN number 1671
Chemical formula C6H6O
Accident occurred Yes
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Sinker (S)
GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
2 R 3 0 2 2 3 3 3 NT S 3

Marine pollution Classification (MARPOL Annex II)
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Alternate names for this chemical
Carbolic Acid
Hydroxybenzene
Monohydroxybenzene
Oxybenzene
Phenic Acid
Phenyl Alcohol
Phenylic Acid
Phenylic Alcohol
Phenyl Hydrate
Phenyl Hydroxide
Acide Carbolique
Phenol


Physico-chemical properties Top

Chemical formula C6H6O
Molar mass 94.11 [g/mol]
State Solid at 25°C and 1 atm
Fusion temperature 43 [°C]
Boiling temperature 181.8 [°C]
Density
1070 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Kinematic viscosity
3.26 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
Hydrosolubility
84000 [mg/l] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
86600 [mg/l] at a temperature of 25°C and salinity of 0‰
Vapour pressure
20 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
46.6 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Vapour density 2.6
Flash point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) 79 [°C]
Flash point (Cleveland open cup) 85 [°C]
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) 1.7 [%]
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) 8.6 [%]
Vaporization enthalpy
485496 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 181.8°C
614387 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 25°C
Combustion enthalpy 31000000 [J/Kg]
Specific heat capacity 2123 [J/(Kg·K)]
Combustion efficiency 89 [%]
Mass flow rate of the combustion surface 0.04 [Kg/(m²·s)]
Radiative fraction 33 [%]
Henry's constant 0.02 [mol/(m³·Pa)]


Behaviour Top

Log Kow 1.47
Log Koc 1.59
Hydrolysis (Half-life) Not hydrolysable
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) Not photolysable
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) 15 days
Biodegradation in marine environment (Half-life) 50 days
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Sinker (S)
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 17.5


Ecotoxicity Top

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae 49.6 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean 3.1 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes 5 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae 13 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean 0.46 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes 0.077 [mg/l]
Assessment factor (AF)
100 on the short-term
100 on the long-term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC)
31 [µg/l] on the short-term
0.77 [µg/l] on the long-term


Hazards Top

Corrosive
Toxic
Health Hazard

Danger

IDLH 250 [ppm]
Hazards statements
Health
H301
Toxic if swallowed.
H311
Toxic in contact with skin.
H314
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
H331
Toxic if inhaled.
H341
Suspected of causing genetic defects.
H373
May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, exposure cause the hazard:

Precautionary statements
Prevention
P201
Obtain special instructions before use.
P261
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Response
P331
Do NOT induce vomiting.
P301 + P310
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303 + P361 + P353
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P305 + P351 + P338
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P308 + P313
IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.


GESAMP Top

GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
2 R 3 0 2 2 3 3 3 NT S 3

A1: Bioaccumulation
Rating Description
2 Low potential to bioaccumulate
A1a:
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
1 Very low potential to bioaccumulate 1 ≤ Log Kow < 2
A1b:
Rating Description Criteria
2 Low potential to bioaccumulate 10 ≤ BCF < 100
A2: Biodegradation
Rating Description
R Readily biodegradable
B1: Acute aquatic toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
3 Moderately toxic 1 < LC/EC/IC50 ≤ 10
B2: Chronic aquatic toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
0 Negligible NOEC > 1
C1: Acute oral toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
2 Moderate 50 < AOTE ≤ 300
C2: Acute dermal toxicity (skin contact)
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
2 Moderate 200 < ADTE ≤ 1000
C3: Acute inhalation toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l] (4 hours exposure)
3 Moderately high 0.5 < AITE ≤ 2
D1: Skin irritation or corrosion
Rating Description Sign GHS category
3 Severely irritating or corrosive Severe irritation indi Corrosive Category 1
D2: Eye irritation
Rating Description Sign GHS category
3 Severely irritating or corrosive Severe conjunctoblepha Irritant Category 1
D3: Long-term health effects
Notation Hazard endpoint Description GHS category
No Information
E1: Tainting of seafood
Rating Description
NT The substance has been tested for tainting and found not to taint following exposure of the fish for 24h to 1mg/l.
E2: Behaviour of chemicals in the marine environment
Rating Description
S Sinker
E3: Interference with the use of coastal amenities
Rating Interference Description Interpretation Warning
3 Highly objectionable 1 is highly acutely toxic; and/or 2 is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or 3 is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or 4 is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects 1 C1 and/or C2 and/or C3 = 4; and/or 2 D1 or D2 = 3, 3A, 3B, or 3C; and/or 3 D3 contains C, M or R; and/or 4 E2 = F or Fp and D3 contains Ss, Sr, T, A, N, or I Warning issued leading to the closure of amenities

GHS Security Information

Corrosive
Toxic
Health Hazard

Danger

  About the project

HNS-MS is a decision-support tool that Belgian and French maritime authorities as well as coastguard stations can activate in order to forecast the drift, fate and behavior of acute marine pollution by Harmful Noxious Substances (HNS) accidentally released in the marine system.

  Contact us

Web: https://www.hns-ms.eu/

Tel : +32 (0)2 773-2102

Mail : hns-ms@naturalsciences.be

Copyright © 2015–2019 HNS-MS Consortium

EU flagHNS-MS has been funded by DG-ECHO under agreement ECHO/SUB/2014/693705 and runs from 1 January 2015 to 31 March 2017.