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Improving Member States preparedness to face an HNS pollution of the Marine System (HNS-MS)

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Formaldehyde Solutions (45% Or Less)

Description Top

CAS number 50-00-0
UN number 1198
Chemical formula CH2O
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Dissolves (D)
Abilities Solution.
GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
0 R 2 NI 2 2 3 3 3 CMSs NT D 3

Marine pollution Classification (MARPOL Annex II)
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Alternate names for this chemical
Formaldehyde Solutions (45% Or Less)
Solutions De Formaldhyde (45% Ou Moins)


Physico-chemical properties Top

Chemical formula CH2O
Molar mass 30.026 [g/mol]
State Liquid at 25°C and 1 atm
Hydrosolubility
10000000 [mg/l] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰


Behaviour Top

Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Dissolves (D)


Ecotoxicity Top

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae 14.7 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean 14.7 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes 6.7 [mg/l]
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC)
5.8 [µg/l] on the short-term


Hazards Top

Corrosive
Toxic
Health Hazard

Danger

Hazards statements
Health
H301
Toxic if swallowed.
H311
Toxic in contact with skin.
H314
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage.
H317
May cause an allergic skin reaction.
H331
Toxic if inhaled.
H351
Suspected of causing cancer.

Precautionary statements
Prevention
P201
Obtain special instructions before use.
P260
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Response
P312
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P361
Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
P303 + P361 + P353
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.
Storage
P403 + P233
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.


GESAMP Top

GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
0 R 2 NI 2 2 3 3 3 CMSs NT D 3

A1: Bioaccumulation
Rating Description
0 No potential to bioaccumulate
A1a:
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
0 No potential to bioaccumulate Log Kow < 1
A1b:
Rating Description
NI No Information
A2: Biodegradation
Rating Description
R Readily biodegradable
B1: Acute aquatic toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
2 Slightly toxic 10 < LC/EC/IC50 ≤ 100
B2: Chronic aquatic toxicity
Rating Description
NI No Information
C1: Acute oral toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
2 Moderate 50 < AOTE ≤ 300
C2: Acute dermal toxicity (skin contact)
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
2 Moderate 200 < ADTE ≤ 1000
C3: Acute inhalation toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l] (4 hours exposure)
3 Moderately high 0.5 < AITE ≤ 2
D1: Skin irritation or corrosion
Rating Description Sign GHS category
3 Severely irritating or corrosive Severe irritation indi Corrosive Category 1
D2: Eye irritation
Rating Description Sign GHS category
3 Severely irritating or corrosive Severe conjunctoblepha Irritant Category 1
D3: Long-term health effects
Notation Hazard endpoint Description GHS category
C Carcinogenicity Chemicals which have been shown to induce or increase the incidence of cancer Category 1 for Carcinogens
M Mutagenicity Cause a permanent change in the amount or structure of genetic material in cells Categories 1 and 2 for Germ Cell Mutagens
Ss Skin Sensitization Cause specific skin hypersensitivity or allergy following skin contact Category 1 for Skin Sensitizers
E1: Tainting of seafood
Rating Description
NT The substance has been tested for tainting and found not to taint following exposure of the fish for 24h to 1mg/l.
E2: Behaviour of chemicals in the marine environment
Rating Description
D Dissolves
E3: Interference with the use of coastal amenities
Rating Interference Description Interpretation Warning
3 Highly objectionable 1 is highly acutely toxic; and/or 2 is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or 3 is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or 4 is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects 1 C1 and/or C2 and/or C3 = 4; and/or 2 D1 or D2 = 3, 3A, 3B, or 3C; and/or 3 D3 contains C, M or R; and/or 4 E2 = F or Fp and D3 contains Ss, Sr, T, A, N, or I Warning issued leading to the closure of amenities

GHS Security Information

Corrosive
Toxic
Health Hazard

Danger

  About the project

HNS-MS is a decision-support tool that Belgian and French maritime authorities as well as coastguard stations can activate in order to forecast the drift, fate and behavior of acute marine pollution by Harmful Noxious Substances (HNS) accidentally released in the marine system.

  Contact us

Web: https://www.hns-ms.eu/

Tel : +32 (0)2 773-2102

Mail : hns-ms@naturalsciences.be

Copyright © 2015–2019 HNS-MS Consortium

EU flagHNS-MS has been funded by DG-ECHO under agreement ECHO/SUB/2014/693705 and runs from 1 January 2015 to 31 March 2017.