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Improving Member States preparedness to face an HNS pollution of the Marine System (HNS-MS)

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Carbon Disulphide

Description Top

CAS number 75-15-0
UN number 1131
Chemical formula CS2
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Sinker that dissolves (SD)
GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
1 NR 3 NI 2 3 4 3A 3 RN NI SD 3

Marine pollution Classification (MARPOL Annex II)
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Alternate names for this chemical
Carbonbisulfide
Carbon Disulphide
Disulfure De Carbone


Physico-chemical properties Top

Chemical formula CS2
Molar mass 76.14 [g/mol]
Critical molar volume 0.000173 [m³/mol]
State Liquid at 25°C and 1 atm
Fusion temperature -112.1 [°C]
Boiling temperature 46 [°C]
Critical temperature 552 [°C]
Density
1263.2 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Surface tension
32.25 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
31.58 [mN/m] at a temperature of 25°C
Kinematic viscosity
0.2874 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
0.279 [cSt] at a temperature of 25°C
Hydrosolubility
2000 [mg/l] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
2160 [mg/l] at a temperature of 25°C and salinity of 0‰
Vapour pressure
34664 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
57328 [Pa] at a temperature of 30°C
Critical pressure 7900000 [Pa]
Vapour density 2.64
Flash point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) -30 [°C]
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) 1.3 [%]
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) 50 [%]
Vaporization enthalpy
352109 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 46°C
337667 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 25°C
Combustion enthalpy 17756763 [J/Kg]
Specific heat capacity 1003 [J/(Kg·K)]
Henry's constant 1459.1 [mol/(m³·Pa)]


Behaviour Top

Log Kow 1.84
Log Koc 1.34
Hydrolysis (Half-life) 400 days
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Sinker that dissolves (SD)


Ecotoxicity Top

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean 2.1 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes 2.99 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes 135 [mg/l]
Assessment factor (AF)
1000 on the short-term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC)
1 [µg/l] on the short-term


Hazards Top

Flammable
Harmful
Health Hazard

Danger

Hazards statements
Physical
H225
Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Health
H319
Causes serious eye irritation.
H332
Harmful if inhaled.
H361
Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child.
H372
Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure, exposure cause the hazard:

Precautionary statements
Prevention
P201
Obtain special instructions before use.
P202
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P233
Keep container tightly closed.
P240
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241
Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../equipment.
P243
Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264
Wash ... thoroughly after handling.
P270
Do no eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P281
Use personal protective equipment as required.
Response
P312
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P314
Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P308 + P313
IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313
If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.


GESAMP Top

GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
1 NR 3 NI 2 3 4 3A 3 RN NI SD 3

A1: Bioaccumulation
Rating Description
1 Very low potential to bioaccumulate
A1a:
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
2 Low potential to bioaccumulate 2 ≤ Log Kow < 3
A1b:
Rating Description Criteria
1 Very low potential to bioaccumulate 1 ≤ BCF < 10
A2: Biodegradation
Rating Description
NR Not readily biodegradable
B1: Acute aquatic toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
3 Moderately toxic 1 < LC/EC/IC50 ≤ 10
B2: Chronic aquatic toxicity
Rating Description
NI No Information
C1: Acute oral toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
2 Moderate 50 < AOTE ≤ 300
C2: Acute dermal toxicity (skin contact)
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
3 Moderately high 50 < ADTE ≤ 200
C3: Acute inhalation toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l] (4 hours exposure)
4 High AITE ≤ 0.5
D1: Skin irritation or corrosion
Rating Description Sign GHS category
3A Corrosive Full-thickness skin ne Corrosive Category 1C
D2: Eye irritation
Rating Description Sign GHS category
3 Severely irritating or corrosive Severe conjunctoblepha Irritant Category 1
D3: Long-term health effects
Notation Hazard endpoint Description GHS category
R Reprotoxicity Cause adverse effects on reproductive ability or capacity, or on the development of offspring Category 1 for Reproductive Toxicants
N Neurotoxicity Significant changes which affect the morphology or biochemistry of central nervous system or senses
E1: Tainting of seafood
Rating Description
NI No Information
E2: Behaviour of chemicals in the marine environment
Rating Description
SD Sinker that dissolves
E3: Interference with the use of coastal amenities
Rating Interference Description Interpretation Warning
3 Highly objectionable 1 is highly acutely toxic; and/or 2 is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or 3 is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or 4 is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects 1 C1 and/or C2 and/or C3 = 4; and/or 2 D1 or D2 = 3, 3A, 3B, or 3C; and/or 3 D3 contains C, M or R; and/or 4 E2 = F or Fp and D3 contains Ss, Sr, T, A, N, or I Warning issued leading to the closure of amenities

GHS Security Information

Flammable
Harmful
Health Hazard

Danger

  About the project

HNS-MS is a decision-support tool that Belgian and French maritime authorities as well as coastguard stations can activate in order to forecast the drift, fate and behavior of acute marine pollution by Harmful Noxious Substances (HNS) accidentally released in the marine system.

  Contact us

Web: https://www.hns-ms.eu/

Tel : +32 (0)2 773-2102

Mail : hns-ms@naturalsciences.be

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EU flagHNS-MS has been funded by DG-ECHO under agreement ECHO/SUB/2014/693705 and runs from 1 January 2015 to 31 March 2017.