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Improving Member States preparedness to face an HNS pollution of the Marine System (HNS-MS)

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Acrylonitrile

Description Top

CAS number 107-13-1
UN number 1093
Chemical formula C3H3N
Accident occurred Yes
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Dissolver that evaporates (DE)
Notable risks Oxidizer. Polymerization.
GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
2 NR 3 0 2 3 3 2 2 CMSs NT DE 3

Marine pollution Classification (MARPOL Annex II)
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Alternate names for this chemical
Acrylonitrile Monomer
Cyanoethylene
2-Propenenitrile
Propenoic Acid Nitrile
Vinyl Cyanide
Cyanure De Vinyle
Nitrile Acrylique
Acrylonitrile


Physico-chemical properties Top

Chemical formula C3H3N
Molar mass 53.06 [g/mol]
Critical molar volume 0.000173 [m³/mol]
State Liquid at 25°C and 1 atm
Fusion temperature -83 [°C]
Boiling temperature 77.4 [°C]
Critical temperature 540 [°C]
Density
810 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Surface tension
27.22 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
26.63 [mN/m] at a temperature of 25°C
Kinematic viscosity
0.43 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
0.42 [cSt] at a temperature of 25°C
Hydrosolubility
79000 [mg/l] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
Vapour pressure
11500 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
14470 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Critical pressure 4660000 [Pa]
Vapour density 1.9
Flash point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) -1 [°C]
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) 3 [%]
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) 17 [%]
Vaporization enthalpy
616000 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 77.4°C
Combustion enthalpy 31900000 [J/Kg]
Specific heat capacity 2050 [J/(Kg·K)]
Combustion efficiency 98 [%]
Mass flow rate of the combustion surface 0.05 [Kg/(m²·s)]
Radiative fraction 26 [%]
Henry's constant 8.7 [mol/(m³·Pa)]


Behaviour Top

Log Kow -0.92
Log Koc -0.07
Hydrolysis (Half-life) Not hydrolysable
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) Not photolysable
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) Not biodegradable
Biodegradation in marine environment (Half-life) Not biodegradable
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Dissolver that evaporates (DE)
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 1


Ecotoxicity Top

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae 1.63 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean 6 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes 5.16 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae 0.8 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean 0.5 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes 0.17 [mg/l]
Assessment factor (AF)
100 on the short-term
100 on the long-term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC)
16.3 [µg/l] on the short-term
1.7 [µg/l] on the long-term


Hazards Top

Flammable
Corrosive
Toxic
Health Hazard
Environmental Hazard

Danger

IDLH 85 [ppm]
Hazards statements
Physical
H225
Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Health
H301
Toxic if swallowed.
H311
Toxic in contact with skin.
H317
May cause an allergic skin reaction.
H318
Causes serious eye damage.
H331
Toxic if inhaled.
H335
May cause respiratory irritation.
H350
May cause cancer.
Environmental
H411
Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Precautionary statements
Prevention
P201
Obtain special instructions before use.
P202
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P231
Handle under inert gas.
P242
Use only non-sparking tools.
P243
Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P260
Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P262
Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P270
Do no eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P272
Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273
Avoid release to the environment.
P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P284
Wear respiratory protection.
Response
P331
Do NOT induce vomiting.
P301 + P310
IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P302 + P352
IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.
Storage
P405
Store locked up.
P403 + P233
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
Disposal
P501
Dispose of contents/container to ...


GESAMP Top

GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
2 NR 3 0 2 3 3 2 2 CMSs NT DE 3

A1: Bioaccumulation
Rating Description
2 Low potential to bioaccumulate
A1a:
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
0 No potential to bioaccumulate Log Kow < 1
A1b:
Rating Description Criteria
2 Low potential to bioaccumulate 10 ≤ BCF < 100
A2: Biodegradation
Rating Description
NR Not readily biodegradable
B1: Acute aquatic toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
3 Moderately toxic 1 < LC/EC/IC50 ≤ 10
B2: Chronic aquatic toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
0 Negligible NOEC > 1
C1: Acute oral toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
2 Moderate 50 < AOTE ≤ 300
C2: Acute dermal toxicity (skin contact)
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
3 Moderately high 50 < ADTE ≤ 200
C3: Acute inhalation toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l] (4 hours exposure)
3 Moderately high 0.5 < AITE ≤ 2
D1: Skin irritation or corrosion
Rating Description Sign GHS category
2 Irritating Marked erythema, Obvio Irritant Category 2
D2: Eye irritation
Rating Description Sign GHS category
2 Irritating Marked conjunctival hy Irritant Category 2A
D3: Long-term health effects
Notation Hazard endpoint Description GHS category
C Carcinogenicity Chemicals which have been shown to induce or increase the incidence of cancer Category 1 for Carcinogens
M Mutagenicity Cause a permanent change in the amount or structure of genetic material in cells Categories 1 and 2 for Germ Cell Mutagens
Ss Skin Sensitization Cause specific skin hypersensitivity or allergy following skin contact Category 1 for Skin Sensitizers
E1: Tainting of seafood
Rating Description
NT The substance has been tested for tainting and found not to taint following exposure of the fish for 24h to 1mg/l.
E2: Behaviour of chemicals in the marine environment
Rating Description
DE Dissolver that evaporates
E3: Interference with the use of coastal amenities
Rating Interference Description Interpretation Warning
3 Highly objectionable 1 is highly acutely toxic; and/or 2 is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or 3 is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or 4 is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects 1 C1 and/or C2 and/or C3 = 4; and/or 2 D1 or D2 = 3, 3A, 3B, or 3C; and/or 3 D3 contains C, M or R; and/or 4 E2 = F or Fp and D3 contains Ss, Sr, T, A, N, or I Warning issued leading to the closure of amenities

GHS Security Information

Flammable
Corrosive
Toxic
Health Hazard
Environmental Hazard

Danger

  About the project

HNS-MS is a decision-support tool that Belgian and French maritime authorities as well as coastguard stations can activate in order to forecast the drift, fate and behavior of acute marine pollution by Harmful Noxious Substances (HNS) accidentally released in the marine system.

  Contact us

Web: https://www.hns-ms.eu/

Tel : +32 (0)2 773-2102

Mail : hns-ms@naturalsciences.be

Copyright © 2015–2019 HNS-MS Consortium

EU flagHNS-MS has been funded by DG-ECHO under agreement ECHO/SUB/2014/693705 and runs from 1 January 2015 to 31 March 2017.