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Improving Member States preparedness to face an HNS pollution of the Marine System (HNS-MS)

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Acetone

Description Top

CAS number 67-64-1
UN number 1090
Chemical formula C3H6O
Accident occurred Yes
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Dissolver that evaporates (DE)
Abilities Miscible in water.
GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
0 R 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 NT DE 2

Marine pollution Classification (MARPOL Annex II)
Category Description
Z Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a minor hazard to either marine resources or human health and therefore justify less stringent restrictions on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Alternate names for this chemical
Dimethyl Formaldehyde
Dimethylketal
Dimethyl Ketone
Ketone Propane
Beta-Ketopropane
Methyl Ketone
2-Propanone
Pyroacetic Acid
Pyroacetic Ether
Propanone
Acetone


Physico-chemical properties Top

Chemical formula C3H6O
Molar mass 58.08 [g/mol]
Critical molar volume 0.000213 [m³/mol]
State Liquid at 25°C and 1 atm
Fusion temperature -95.35 [°C]
Boiling temperature 56.2 [°C]
Critical temperature 508.1 [°C]
Density
790 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
807 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 5°C
801.8 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 10°C
791.8 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Surface tension
23.7 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
23.46 [mN/m] at a temperature of 25°C
24.9 [mN/m] at a temperature of 5.1°C
21.14 [mN/m] at a temperature of 9.8°C
23.44 [mN/m] at a temperature of 18°C
Kinematic viscosity
0.4 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
0.39 [cSt] at a temperature of 25°C
1.5861 [cSt] at a temperature of 5°C
1.4467 [cSt] at a temperature of 10°C
1.7176 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
Hydrosolubility
790000 [mg/l] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
790000 [mg/l] at a temperature of 25°C and salinity of 0‰
Vapour pressure
24227 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
30930 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Critical pressure 4700000 [Pa]
Vapour density 2.2
Flash point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) -20 [°C]
Flash point (Cleveland open cup) -15.6 [°C]
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) 2.6 [%]
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) 12.8 [%]
Vaporization enthalpy
501033 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 56.2°C
533574 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 25°C
Combustion enthalpy 28600000 [J/Kg]
Specific heat capacity 2174.59 [J/(Kg·K)]
Combustion efficiency 96 [%]
Mass flow rate of the combustion surface 0.05 [Kg/(m²·s)]
Radiative fraction 27 [%]
Henry's constant 4.31 [mol/(m³·Pa)]


Behaviour Top

Log Kow -0.24
Log Koc 0.73
Hydrolysis (Half-life) Not hydrolysable
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) 1.67 days
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) 10 days
Biodegradation in marine environment (Half-life) 10 days
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Dissolver that evaporates (DE)
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 0.69


Ecotoxicity Top

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae > 10000 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean 2100 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes 6070 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae 3400 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean 1660 [mg/l]
Assessment factor (AF)
1000 on the short-term
500 on the long-term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC)
2100 [µg/l] on the short-term
3320 [µg/l] on the long-term


Hazards Top

Flammable
Harmful

Danger

IDLH 2500 [ppm]
Hazards statements
Physical
H225
Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Health
H319
Causes serious eye irritation.
H336
May cause drowsiness or dizziness.


GESAMP Top

GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
0 R 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 NT DE 2

A1: Bioaccumulation
Rating Description
0 No potential to bioaccumulate
A1a:
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
0 No potential to bioaccumulate Log Kow < 1
A1b:
Rating Description Criteria
0 No potential to bioaccumulate No measurable bioconcentration factor (BCF)
A2: Biodegradation
Rating Description
R Readily biodegradable
B1: Acute aquatic toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
0 Non-toxic LC/EC/IC50 > 1000
B2: Chronic aquatic toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
0 Negligible NOEC > 1
C1: Acute oral toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
0 Negligible AOTE > 2000
C2: Acute dermal toxicity (skin contact)
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
0 Negligible ADTE > 2000
C3: Acute inhalation toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l] (4 hours exposure)
0 Negligible AITE > 20
D1: Skin irritation or corrosion
Rating Description Sign GHS category
1 Mildly irritating Mild erythema with or Mild Irritant Category 3
D2: Eye irritation
Rating Description Sign GHS category
2 Irritating Marked conjunctival hy Irritant Category 2A
D3: Long-term health effects
Notation Hazard endpoint Description GHS category
No Information
E1: Tainting of seafood
Rating Description
NT The substance has been tested for tainting and found not to taint following exposure of the fish for 24h to 1mg/l.
E2: Behaviour of chemicals in the marine environment
Rating Description
DE Dissolver that evaporates
E3: Interference with the use of coastal amenities
Rating Interference Description Interpretation Warning
2 Moderately objectionable 1 is a persistent floater; and/or 2 is moderately acutely toxic; and/or 3 is irritating to skin and/or eyes; and/or 4 has long-term health effects other than carcinogenicity, mutagenicity or reprotoxicity; and/or 5 is highly flammable; and/or 6 is moderately flammable and is a floater with evaporative properties 1 E2 = Fp; and/or 2 C1 and/or C2 and/or C3 = 23; and/or 3 D1 and/or D2 = 2; and/or 4 D3 contains Ss, Sr, T, A, N, or I; and/or 5 Flashpoint <23°C; and/or 6 Flashpoint 23°C to 60°C and E2 = FE or FED Warning issued and possible closure of amenities

GHS Security Information

Flammable
Harmful

Danger

  About the project

HNS-MS is a decision-support tool that Belgian and French maritime authorities as well as coastguard stations can activate in order to forecast the drift, fate and behavior of acute marine pollution by Harmful Noxious Substances (HNS) accidentally released in the marine system.

  Contact us

Web: https://www.hns-ms.eu/

Tel : +32 (0)2 773-2102

Mail : hns-ms@naturalsciences.be

Copyright © 2015–2019 HNS-MS Consortium

EU flagHNS-MS has been funded by DG-ECHO under agreement ECHO/SUB/2014/693705 and runs from 1 January 2015 to 31 March 2017.