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Improving Member States preparedness to face an HNS pollution of the Marine System (HNS-MS)

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Vinyl Acetate

Description Top

CAS number 108-05-4
UN number 1301
Chemical formula C4H6O2
Accident occurred Yes
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Evaporator that dissolves (ED)
GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
0 R 2 NI 1 0 2 1 1 C NI ED 3

Marine pollution Classification (MARPOL Annex II)
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Alternate names for this chemical
Acetic Acid, Ethenyl Ester
Acetic Acid, Ethylene Ester
Acetic Acid, Vinyl Ester
1-Acetoxyethylene
Ethenyl Acetate
Ethenyl Ethanoate
Vinyl A Monomer
Vinyl Acetate Monomer
Vinyl Ethanoate
Acetate De Vinyle
Vinyl Acetate


Physico-chemical properties Top

Chemical formula C4H6O2
Molar mass 86.09 [g/mol]
State Liquid at 25°C and 1 atm
Fusion temperature -93.2 [°C]
Boiling temperature 72.7 [°C]
Density
930 [Kg/m³] at a temperature of 20°C
Surface tension
24 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C
Interfacial tension
30 [mN/m] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
Kinematic viscosity
0.46 [cSt] at a temperature of 20°C
Hydrosolubility
20000 [mg/l] at a temperature of 20°C and salinity of 0‰
Vapour pressure
12000 [Pa] at a temperature of 20°C
15300 [Pa] at a temperature of 25°C
Vapour density 3.1
Flash point (Pensky-Martens closed cup) -8 [°C]
Flash point (Cleveland open cup) -5 [°C]
Lower explosivity limit (LEL) 2.6 [%]
Upper explosivity limit (UEL) 13.4 [%]
Vaporization enthalpy
379000 [J/Kg] at a temperature of 72.7°C
Combustion enthalpy 22700000 [J/Kg]
Specific heat capacity 1969 [J/(Kg·K)]
Combustion efficiency 98 [%]
Mass flow rate of the combustion surface 0.14 [Kg/(m²·s)]
Radiative fraction 23 [%]
Henry's constant 51.6 [mol/(m³·Pa)]


Behaviour Top

Log Kow 0.7
Log Koc 1.4
Hydrolysis (Half-life) Not hydrolysable
Aqueous photolysis (Half-life) Not photolysable
Biodegradation in estuary environment (Half-life) 15 days
Biodegradation in marine environment (Half-life) 50 days
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Evaporator that dissolves (ED)
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 0.16


Ecotoxicity Top

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on algae 12.7 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on crustacean 12.6 [mg/l]
Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes 14 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on algae 6 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on crustacean 45 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes 0.6 [mg/l]
Assessment factor (AF)
5000 on the short-term
500 on the long-term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC)
2.52 [µg/l] on the short-term
1.1 [µg/l] on the long-term


Hazards Top

Flammable
Harmful
Health Hazard

Danger

Hazards statements
Physical
H225
Highly flammable liquid and vapour.
Health
H332
Harmful if inhaled.
H335
May cause respiratory irritation.
H351
Suspected of causing cancer.
Environmental
H412
Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Precautionary statements
Prevention
P201
Obtain special instructions before use.
P202
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P233
Keep container tightly closed.
P240
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241
Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../equipment.
P242
Use only non-sparking tools.
P243
Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P271
Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273
Avoid release to the environment.
P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P281
Use personal protective equipment as required.
Response
P312
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P303 + P361 + P353
IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower.
P304 + P340
IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P308 + P313
IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P370 + P378
In case of fire: Use ... for extinction.
Storage
P405
Store locked up.
P403 + P233
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
Disposal
P501
Dispose of contents/container to ...


GESAMP Top

GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
0 R 2 NI 1 0 2 1 1 C NI ED 3

A1: Bioaccumulation
Rating Description
0 No potential to bioaccumulate
A1a:
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
0 No potential to bioaccumulate Log Kow < 1
A1b:
Rating Description
NI No Information
A2: Biodegradation
Rating Description
R Readily biodegradable
B1: Acute aquatic toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
2 Slightly toxic 10 < LC/EC/IC50 ≤ 100
B2: Chronic aquatic toxicity
Rating Description
NI No Information
C1: Acute oral toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
1 Slight 300 < AOTE ≤ 2000
C2: Acute dermal toxicity (skin contact)
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
0 Negligible ADTE > 2000
C3: Acute inhalation toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l] (4 hours exposure)
2 Moderate 2 < AITE ≤ 10
D1: Skin irritation or corrosion
Rating Description Sign GHS category
1 Mildly irritating Mild erythema with or Mild Irritant Category 3
D2: Eye irritation
Rating Description Sign GHS category
1 Mildly irritating Mild conjunctival hype Irritant Category 2B
D3: Long-term health effects
Notation Hazard endpoint Description GHS category
C Carcinogenicity Chemicals which have been shown to induce or increase the incidence of cancer Category 1 for Carcinogens
E1: Tainting of seafood
Rating Description
NI No Information
E2: Behaviour of chemicals in the marine environment
Rating Description
ED Evaporator that dissolves
E3: Interference with the use of coastal amenities
Rating Interference Description Interpretation Warning
3 Highly objectionable 1 is highly acutely toxic; and/or 2 is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or 3 is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or 4 is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects 1 C1 and/or C2 and/or C3 = 4; and/or 2 D1 or D2 = 3, 3A, 3B, or 3C; and/or 3 D3 contains C, M or R; and/or 4 E2 = F or Fp and D3 contains Ss, Sr, T, A, N, or I Warning issued leading to the closure of amenities

GHS Security Information

Flammable
Harmful
Health Hazard

Danger

  About the project

HNS-MS is a decision-support tool that Belgian and French maritime authorities as well as coastguard stations can activate in order to forecast the drift, fate and behavior of acute marine pollution by Harmful Noxious Substances (HNS) accidentally released in the marine system.

  Contact us

Web: https://www.hns-ms.eu/

Tel : +32 (0)2 773-2102

Mail : hns-ms@naturalsciences.be

Copyright © 2015–2019 HNS-MS Consortium

EU flagHNS-MS has been funded by DG-ECHO under agreement ECHO/SUB/2014/693705 and runs from 1 January 2015 to 31 March 2017.