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Improving Member States preparedness to face an HNS pollution of the Marine System (HNS-MS)

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Propylene Oxide

Description Top

CAS number 75-56-9
UN number 1280
Chemical formula C3H6O
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Dissolver that evaporates (DE)
GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
0 R 2 NI 1 2 2 2 3 CM NI DE 3

Marine pollution Classification (MARPOL Annex II)
Category Description
Y Noxious Liquid Substances which, if discharged into the sea from tank cleaning or deballasting operations, are deemed to present a hazard to either marine resources or human health or cause harm to amenities or other legitimate uses of the sea and therefore justify a limitation on the quality and quantity of the discharge into the marine environment.

Alternate names for this chemical
1,2-Epoxypropane
2-Methyloxirane
Propene Oxide
Epoxypropane
Methyloxirane
Propylene Oxide
Oxyde De Propylene


Physico-chemical properties Top

Chemical formula C3H6O
Molar mass 58.079 [g/mol]
Critical molar volume 0.00019 [m³/mol]
State Liquid at 25°C and 1 atm


Behaviour Top

Log Kow 0.03
Log Koc 0.72
Hydrolysis (Half-life) 11.6 days
Standard European Behaviour Classification (SEBC) Dissolver that evaporates (DE)
Bioconcentration factor (BCF) 3


Ecotoxicity Top

Lowest median lethal concentration (LC50) on fishes 52 [mg/l]
Highest no observed effect concentration (NOEC) on fishes 141 [mg/l]
Assessment factor (AF)
1000 on the short-term
Predicted No Effect Concentration (PNEC)
52 [µg/l] on the short-term


Hazards Top

Flammable
Harmful
Health Hazard

Danger

Hazards statements
Physical
H224
Extremely flammable liquid and vapour.
Health
H312
Harmful in contact with skin.
H319
Causes serious eye irritation.
H332
Harmful if inhaled.
H335
May cause respiratory irritation.
H340
May cause genetic defects. Exposure cause the hazard:
H350
May cause cancer.

Precautionary statements
Prevention
P201
Obtain special instructions before use.
P202
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. No smoking.
P233
Keep container tightly closed.
P240
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241
Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../equipment.
P242
Use only non-sparking tools.
P243
Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P273
Avoid release to the environment.
P280
Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
Disposal
P501
Dispose of contents/container to ...


GESAMP Top

GESAMP Hazard profile
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2 C3 D1 D2 D3 E1 E2 E3
0 R 2 NI 1 2 2 2 3 CM NI DE 3

A1: Bioaccumulation
Rating Description
0 No potential to bioaccumulate
A1a:
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
0 No potential to bioaccumulate Log Kow < 1
A1b:
Rating Description
NI No Information
A2: Biodegradation
Rating Description
R Readily biodegradable
B1: Acute aquatic toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l]
2 Slightly toxic 10 < LC/EC/IC50 ≤ 100
B2: Chronic aquatic toxicity
Rating Description
NI No Information
C1: Acute oral toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
1 Slight 300 < AOTE ≤ 2000
C2: Acute dermal toxicity (skin contact)
Rating Description Criteria [mg/Kg]
2 Moderate 200 < ADTE ≤ 1000
C3: Acute inhalation toxicity
Rating Description Criteria [mg/l] (4 hours exposure)
2 Moderate 2 < AITE ≤ 10
D1: Skin irritation or corrosion
Rating Description Sign GHS category
2 Irritating Marked erythema, Obvio Irritant Category 2
D2: Eye irritation
Rating Description Sign GHS category
3 Severely irritating or corrosive Severe conjunctoblepha Irritant Category 1
D3: Long-term health effects
Notation Hazard endpoint Description GHS category
C Carcinogenicity Chemicals which have been shown to induce or increase the incidence of cancer Category 1 for Carcinogens
M Mutagenicity Cause a permanent change in the amount or structure of genetic material in cells Categories 1 and 2 for Germ Cell Mutagens
E1: Tainting of seafood
Rating Description
NI No Information
E2: Behaviour of chemicals in the marine environment
Rating Description
DE Dissolver that evaporates
E3: Interference with the use of coastal amenities
Rating Interference Description Interpretation Warning
3 Highly objectionable 1 is highly acutely toxic; and/or 2 is severely irritant or corrosive to skin or eyes; and/or 3 is carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic; and/or 4 is a floater or persistent floater with associated health effects 1 C1 and/or C2 and/or C3 = 4; and/or 2 D1 or D2 = 3, 3A, 3B, or 3C; and/or 3 D3 contains C, M or R; and/or 4 E2 = F or Fp and D3 contains Ss, Sr, T, A, N, or I Warning issued leading to the closure of amenities

GHS Security Information

Flammable
Harmful
Health Hazard

Danger

  About the project

HNS-MS is a decision-support tool that Belgian and French maritime authorities as well as coastguard stations can activate in order to forecast the drift, fate and behavior of acute marine pollution by Harmful Noxious Substances (HNS) accidentally released in the marine system.

  Contact us

Web: https://www.hns-ms.eu/

Tel : +32 (0)2 773-2102

Mail : hns-ms@naturalsciences.be

Copyright © 2015–2019 HNS-MS Consortium

EU flagHNS-MS has been funded by DG-ECHO under agreement ECHO/SUB/2014/693705 and runs from 1 January 2015 to 31 March 2017.